Front Insertion Sequence

Category: containers Component type: concept


A Front Insertion Sequence is a Sequence where it is possible to insert an element at the beginning, or to access the first element, in amortized constant time. Front Insertion Sequences have special member functions as a shorthand for those operations.

Refinement of


Associated types

None, except for those of Sequence.


X A type that is a model of Front Insertion Sequence
a Object of type X
T The value type of X
t Object of type T


Valid expressions

In addition to the expressions defined in Sequence, the following expressions must be valid.
Name Expression Type requirements Return type
Front a.front() [1]   reference if a is mutable, otherwise const_reference.
Push front a.push_front(t) a is mutable. void
Pop front a.pop_front() a is mutable. void

Expression semantics

Name Expression Precondition Semantics Postcondition
Front a.front() [1] !a.empty() Equivalent to *(a.begin()).  
Push front a.push_front(t)   Equivalent to a.insert(a.begin(), t) a.size is incremented by 1. a.front() is a copy of t.
Pop front a.pop_front() !a.empty() Equivalent to a.erase(a.begin()) a.size() is decremented by 1.

Complexity guarantees

Front, push front, and pop front are amortized constant time. [2]


Symmetry of push and pop push_front() followed by pop_front() is a null operation.



[1] Front is actually defined in Sequence, since it is always possible to implement it in amortized constant time. Its definition is repeated here, along with push front and pop front, in the interest of clarity.

[2] This complexity guarantee is the only reason that front(), push_front(), and pop_front() are defined: they provide no additional functionality. Not every sequence must define these operations, but it is guaranteed that they are efficient if they exist at all.

See also

Container, Sequence, Back Insertion Sequence, deque, list, slist
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